A High Resolution Atlas of Composite SDSS Galaxy Spectra

László Dobos1, István Csabai1,2, Ching-Wa Yip2, Tamás Budavári2, Vivienne Wild3 and Alexander S. Szalay2

1Department of Physics of Complex Systems, Eötvös University, Budapest 1117, Hungary
2Department of Physics and Astronomy, The Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, MD 21210, USA
3Institute for Astronomy, University of Edinburgh, Royal Observatory, Blackford Hill, Edinburgh, EH9 3HJ, U.K. (SUPA)

Abstract

In this work we present an atlas of composite spectra of galaxies based on the data of the Sloan Digital Sky Survey Data Release 7 (SDSS DR7). Galaxies are classified by colour, nuclear activity and star-formation activity to calculate average spectra of high signal-to-noise ratio and resolution (S/N ≈ 132 - 4760 at {Δλ = 1 Å), using an algorithm that is robust against outliers. Besides composite spectra, we also compute the first five principal components of the distributions in each galaxy class to characterize the nature of variations of individual spectra around the averages. The continua of the composite spectra are fitted with BC03 stellar population synthesis models to extend the wavelength coverage beyond the coverage of the SDSS spectrographs. Common derived parameters of the composites are also calculated: integrated colours in the most popular filter systems, line strength measurements, and continuum absorption indices (including Lick indices). These derived parameters are compared with the distributions of parameters of individual galaxies and it is shown on many examples that the composites of the atlas cover much of the parameter space spanned by SDSS galaxies. By co-adding thousands of spectra, a total integration time of several months can be reached, which results in extremely low noise composites. The variations in redshift not only allow for extending the spectral coverage bluewards to the original wavelength limit of the SDSS spectrographs, but also make higher spectral resolution achievable. The composite spectrum atlas is available online at http://www.vo.elte.hu/compositeatlas.

Paper links: ADS | Arxiv | MNRAS

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Referencing us

A high-resolution atlas of composite Sloan Digital Sky Survey galaxy spectra
Dobos, László; Csabai, István.; Yip, Ching-Wa; Budavári, Tamás.; Wild, Vivienne; Szalay, Alexander S.
Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society, Volume 420, Issue 2, pp. 1217-1238.

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